When you bring home a newborn puppy, he is not less than an infant. He needs as much care as a baby.
Taking care of a newborn puppy is very exhausting and time-consuming but trust me, it is worth the efforts as those tiring days and sleepless nights could help with developing good habits and health for your pup.
Puppies are the most adorable creatures and in their starting journey, they are most vulnerable to diseases and infections, in that case, you must need some help and guidance to take care of your puppy.
Always remember that how a puppy should be taken care of could also depend on its breed, so be very careful about this. And have a look at take care of a husky puppy if you own a husky.
Let’s get started:-
How many ml of milk should a newborn puppy drink?
A newborn puppy needs feeding more often than an old dog. And milk feeding the newborn is like to human baby feeding. All you need to know is the breed of your puppy and its size.
Newborn puppies can only bear 10ml to 20ml of milk at a time. For the accurate quantity, you can consult with your pup’s veterinarian or you can go through dog training video for further guidance.
It is always best if you feed your puppy his mother’s milk and if she is not present, go for bottle feeding.
Remember newborn puppies needs an adequate amount of nutrition and calories to survive. And do not use cow’s or goat milk as a substitute for mother’s milk, consider feeding powder milk or milk replacement for newborn puppies.
Using milk replacement formula is always considered to be best for Puppies, you can buy it online or discuss it with your vet.
Make sure that your puppy is getting the correct amount of calories for his weight and size.
50-60 calories are the most common count for a one-week-old puppy that increases per week.
Always feed your puppy carefully, use puppies bottle or milk bottle or syringe for feeding.
If you are using a bottle, make sure, the milk is coming out slowly to avoid choking and discomfort to the puppy. A puppy needs feeding at least 10-12 times a day.
After 4 weeks, most puppies are ready to eat solid food but still you should discuss with your vet before going on with feeding solid food.
Newborn puppy Feeding Chart
The newborn puppy Feeding Chart by petag.com helps you figure out the accurate quantity of milk you should feed your puppy.
How to take care of newborn puppies without mother?
Newborn puppies needs attention and care, raising them without their mother is quite difficult but with some guidance, you can do it very well. The first thing that you need to do is to take the puppy to the veterinarian for a health check-up and then follow the guidelines given by the vet.
The First 1-3 weeks are very tiring, you need to take special care of your pup. Here are the few things you should keep in mind while taking care of a newborn puppy without its mother:-
- Keep him warm:- A new born puppy cuddle with its siblings and mother to stay warm as they are not able to regulate body temperature on their own. So, always keep a hot water pad or bottle under his bed and make sure the temperature is around 90 degree Fahrenheit. You can also wrap your puppy with a hot towel.
- Maintain hygiene:– This is the most important thing to avoid any type of disease and infection in puppy. Keep his bed or kennel clean and tidy always. After pooping and peeing, rub his abdomen and anal with a soft towel or wipes. With a wet towel, wash your puppy after every feeding to keep the bacteria away. Once he get used to hygiene, after 1-3 weeks your puppy will keep his surrounding clean on its own.
- Weaning:- After 3 weeks, you can introduce your puppy to very light food, like oats with milk or corn flakes. Do not forget to take veterinarian’s advice before switching to dishes of water and milk. Or you can make a gruel with puppy’s dry food.
- Teach him other lessons:- After 3-4 weeks, train your puppy some basic lessons like to obey you, to walk properly on the leash when going out and let him socialize with other puppies and friends. For proper training you can take help of train a puppy to walk on the leash.
- Proper vaccinations and routine check-up:- Once he get mature, there are chances of him developing biting habits, so it is very important to keep your puppy on vaccinations and also have a look at how to stop husky puppy from biting if you own a husky or if you are struggling with your puppy’s biting habit.
The above mentioned are the basic things, there are many more like always keep small puppies away from children and ensure that you are not pushing the puppy’s stomach while holding him.
Apart from all these, you should also be aware of the week-to-week care of newborn puppies.
how to take care of newborn puppies week by week
1 week old:-
Measure your puppy’s weight daily to decide the accurate amount of milk you should feed. The puppy’s weight increases every day and you will notice that within 8-10 days, your puppy will be double weight in comparison to the first day.
Mother’s milk is full of all the required nutrition and calories which is why it is always best to feed mommy’s milk is starting days but if in case, you cannot manage that then you can always go for Puppies milk replacement and do consult with your veterinarian before milk feeding.
Also, keep the puppy warm and cozy as a newborn puppy cannot regulate body temperature so, it needs a hot pad or towel to stay warm(not too warm).
In the first week, 90°F is considered to be the most ideal temperature for puppies. Sleeping helps in developing the puppy’s health, so let him sleep as much as possible for growth.
Try not to keep him in a place where there are chances of him falling down as it would be very dangerous for the puppy because his bones are not that strong.
2 weeks old:-
These weeks are very fragile, it is still very important to keep the puppy warm but you decrease a bit, 80 degrees Fahrenheit will work. Continue measuring the weight to make sure that your puppy is gaining weight and if you notice that weight doesn’t increase, immediately go to the veterinarian for a health check-up. By two weeks, your puppy is also ready for deworming treatment and takes proper care of his hygiene and safety.
Your cutie may also start opening his eyes, so keep checking up on him from time to time. In this process, there are chances of water discharge from the eyes and although it is very normal if the situation gets worse, you can talk to your vet for further guidance.
Be very gentle while milk feeding calmly put him on your lap, and make sure that the flow of the milk is slow. Do not make him sleep on a hard surface, place soft blankets under him for good sleep.
3 weeks old:-
In this week, your puppy can regulate body temperature so, you can go down with the temperature to 70 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit and by this week, your puppy has opened his eyes completely.
You can start playing by holding him in your arms for a while. Because puppy starts showing interest in exploring and socializing by 3rd week. Do not give your to children as he is still very fragile, make him friends with other people.
This is also the time when you can start feeding him some water dishes and make gruel out of dry foods for your pup. Keep checking his weight regularly to make sure that he is growing healthier and fit. You can also give him food in a bowl or puppy plate.
Take him for routine check-ups and also ensure that he is not outside the house for too long.
4 to 5 weeks old:-
Your pup is growing rapidly, keep an eye on his health and wellness. You can switch from 70°F to normal room temperature as he is now ready to regulate body temperature properly.
It is also the time to introduce him to solid foods under a veterinarian consultant. Remember not too much solid, start with soft foods like water and milk dishes and then slowly switch to solid foods. Keep the routine check-ups continue to ensure proper physical growth.
Your adorable puppy is also now ready to explore more and to go out, so train him some basic skills like how to behave in front of people and how to walk on the road. It is also the time to teach him about hygiene and poop and pee habits.
Your puppy is now also pretty much independent that he can live and sleep alone in his kennel, but, you need to teach him some crate habits, you can also take the help of train a puppy in a Kennel to learn proper training procedures.
6 to 8 weeks old:-
Congrats!!! You made it till here. Your pup is now all grown up to get vaccinated and to go out on walks with you and your family. Now is the perfect time to introduce him to the outside world, make him play with balls and plush toys.
Train him not to bark at strangers and guests. Now, he needs proper solid food from time to time.
Continue visiting veterinarians to avoid any type of health issues. He starts responding to everything so, makes sure that you develop good habits. And please be careful with vaccinations.
NewBorn puppies first 24 hours
Now that you about how you are gonna take care of your pup week by week, it is also essential for you to know about the first 24 hours of puppies as these are the very crucial hours and puppies are more prone to death due to lack of proper care and guidance. Here are a few things you should do:-
- Allow mother to milk feed him immediately, it helps puppies to stay hydrated. If the mother is denying to feed, consult with vet and feed puppy milk replacement.
- Make sure that your puppy is in a warm surrounding where the temperature is 90°F to help him stay cozy and comfortable.
- Right after the birth, check puppy’s weight to figure proper nutrition diet he needs.
- A new born puppy cannot pass urine and faeces on its own, he may manual stimulation for it if mother is not there.
- Check out the puppy properly to ensure proper physical appearance and to make sure that he doesn’t have any defects.
- Do not keep the puppy out of your sight even for a second.
- Milk feed him in every 2-3 hours.
- Remember that new born do not show pain or uneasiness, so if you notice any type of discomfort, visit the vet immediately.
During birth, the mother doesn’t allow anyone to pick up her Puppies, so keep checking up on them and remember, the more the puppies are with their mother the more it is best for them.
What to feed puppies at 3 weeks?
If possible, avoid feeding solid food during 3rd week and let your puppy’s mother milk feed him as it is the best to source of nutrients and calories. But if it is not possible then only you can consider feeding him some soft water and milk dishes to fulfill the nutrition requirements in puppy.
Soaked kibble, canned food for puppies, and gruel made from blending dry puppy food are best for 3 weeks old puppy.
Make him eat on a large bowl as at this age puppies can’t eat properly, they might create a mess around them while eating or start playing with the food. And make sure that the food is soft because it is for newborn puppies to chew properly.
Always choose the food for your puppy according to his breed and size and also discuss with your vet before feeding him any type of solid food.
There is a number of dog foods available out there but only are good for your pup, so choose carefully.